Constitution There is such a legal science that the nation is governed, it is written and any adversity can be dealt with on the basis of the constitution. adapts according to the situation.
Indian Constitution, which is the world’s most unique, vast and unique constitution, so today we are going to provide you every little information about the Indian Constitution as well as tell such secrets of the Indian Constitution that you will not know till today. !
like Constituent Assembly of India and its President, Drafting Committee which played the most important role in its creation, Importance of the Constitution, Role, Functions Father of the Constitution It is going to provide complete information about etc.
The constitution of any country is as holy and revered as the worship and religious book of the motherland of that country and the one who reads that religious book named Constitution is not less than an ascetic who knows about it. If you have a strong desire to know the Constitution of India, then read this article completely once.
what is constitution
In simple language, the meaning of the constitution is such a collection of rules that run any country smoothly, in an orderly manner, by which rules or laws establish a trusting relationship between the government and the people, so the constitution is a collection of basic laws of which country. Is.
Constitution is the living model of a nation, in democracy the power lies in the people, ideally, this power should be exercised by the people themselves, but at present the size of the nation is very large, so direct democracy is not possible, so the people It elects its representatives through suffrage and the elected representatives do the work of governance.
what is the meaning of constitution
Some laws and rules are made to run the democratic governance system, on the basis of which the formation of the government, the powers and limits of the government, along with the rights and duties of the citizens, there is also a provision for the power of punishment for those who break the rules. The book is the constitution.
The constitution determines how the government will be formed and determines the relationship between the government and the citizens. .
Along with this, what will be the rights of citizens, what are their duties, who will have to pay how much tax, what will be the police, how will the courts, etc.
Why and how was the constitution made in India
India’s own ancient history has been very proud and inspiring, India was adorned with the glory of Vishwa Guru, but still there have been some circumstances in which the foreign powers were inclined towards India after seeing the prosperity of India.
The foreign powers tried their best to establish their dominion over India with the help of their price and discrimination, whenever they got a chance, they ruled India in the cruelest ways in the foreign invaders.
British colonialism, political interference in India by the East India Company who came to India to do business, after the Battle of Plassey and Buxar, almost all of India came under the East India Company.
Now the East India Company started ruling brutally in its new ways, after suffering atrocities and atrocities in new ways, revolutionary awakening started in India, whose inspiration was Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekananda Maharishi, Arvind Veer Savarkar and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. etc., as a result of which along with the demand for independence, the demand for making its own independent constitution also arose.
In 1922, Mahatma Gandhi presented a demand for constitution making to the British government.
In the year 1925, an all-party conference was held in which a resolution related to the making of the constitution was passed.
Why did the British government accept the demand for constitution making?
The British government was not ready to give the right to make a constitution to the Indians. Gave.
Therefore, for the first time in the August Resolution on 1940 AD, the British accepted the demand for constitution making of Indians and on March 1946, the government sent a 3-member commission to India, which is called the Cabinet Mission, the Indian Constituent Assembly was formed from the plan of this mission.
Constitution of Constituent Assembly
In 1946, the following 389 members were to be elected in the Constituent Assembly according to the cabinet mission plan, indirectly elections were held for the formation of the Constituent Assembly.
292 Representatives elected by the Legislative Council of the British Provinces.
Representatives of 93 princely states.
Representatives of the four Chief Commissioner’s territories (Ajmer, Merwara, Delhi, former British Balochistan).
The Constituent Assembly of India had both elected and nominated members.
Constituent Assembly inauguration
The Constituent Assembly was duly inaugurated in the Central Hall of Parliament at 11:00 am on Monday, 9 December 1946, whose first meeting was attended by 211 members.
president of the constituent assembly
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the permanent president of the Constituent Assembly on 11 December 1946 while the temporary president was Satchidanand Sinha.
Drafting Committee of the Constitution
On 13 December 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved the Objectives Resolution in the Constituent Assembly which was passed on 22 January 1947.
The most important committee of constitution making, Drafting Committee was formed on August 1947 and Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was made the chairman of 7 member Drafting Committee, hence Ambedkar is also called the father of Indian Constitution.
When was the constitution drafted?
1. Published the first draft on February 1948.
2. After amendment on November 1948, it was presented before the Constituent Assembly.
3. On 26 November 1949, the Constitution of India was prepared.
when did the constitution come into force
The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, it was a day of great joy and pride for us.
Purna Swaraj Day was celebrated in the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress on 26 January 1930, hence this day was chosen as the day of implementation of the Constitution and from 26 January 1950, India became a sovereign democratic republic.
Features of Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution is the most unique and unique constitution in the whole world, it has many such features that make it different from the common constitutions.
1. World’s Largest Constitution
The Constitution of India is the largest constitution in the world and not only the provision of the federal government’s governance system but also the administrative system of the states has been described in the constitution.
2. Adult Suffrage
Universal adult suffrage has been provided to all in India without any discrimination, the minimum age of voting has been kept at 18 years as against 21 years earlier. Adult suffrage had to be fought for a long time in many countries of the world while Indians got it without any discrimination.
3. Fundamental Rights
If citizens want to develop all-round development, then it becomes necessary to give them rights, a total of 6 Fundamental Rights have been provided in Part 3 of the Constitution of India.
4. Directive Principles of Policy
Rights which could not be made Fundamental Rights were included in the Directive Principles of Policy.
5. Unitary and Federal Constitution
The constitution by which there is a division of powers between the Union Government and the State Governments and there is an independent judiciary for the independence of this division, it is called a federal system. Powers have been divided by
6. Flexible and rigid constitution
The Constitution of India has both flexible and rigid characteristics, due to the constitution being flexible, changes can be made in it as per the need.
7. Parliamentary Form of Government
There are three organs of the government, the legislature, the executive and the judiciary and the legislative and executive, depending on the relationship between the executive, the constitution can be amended and presidential.
8. Parliamentary Sovereignty and Judicial Supremacy
Judiciary i.e. Supreme Court has the right to interpret the constitution and protect the constitution, similarly it embraces other features such as single citizenship, supremacy of the constitution, unified and independent judiciary, centrally oriented constitution, universal adult suffrage, Three tier structure of government etc.
Functions of the Indian Constitution
The constitution is not only helpful in the running of any country, but it also sets the rules for every citizen, worker, political officials and ruling party of the country to maintain the systems forever.
So that in future no one person, party or organization can misuse the power of their rights, keeping in mind the interests, duties and rights of all, fair arrangements and punishment are made, so now we will know what is the function of the constitution. .
1. The Indian Constitution gives such cooperation and assurance that all the countrymen can live with love, brotherhood and mutual trust.
2. The Indian Constitution decides how the government will be formed in the country, how it will be elected, how that government will function, who will have what powers, who will be curbed and who will have the right of final decision etc.
3. The rights of the government, their limits, rights of citizens, duties, punishment for violation, etc., are also clarified by the constitution itself.
4. The important function of the constitution is how to make the society and the country better.
importance of constitution
The constitution provides for many fundamental rights for citizens, including the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to religion, right to culture and education and right to constitutional remedies.
Directive principles of policy act as moral duties for the state, due to their implementation, there will be social and economic welfare of the citizens and the state will be public welfare.
From the Government of India Act 1935 –
– Federal system, the power of the executive will be in the President
– Appointment and powers of Attorney General
– veto power
– Presidential emergency clause
The Supreme Court can advise the President and the powers and establishment of the Union Public Service Commission and the judiciary are all given by the Government of India Act 1935.
From the British Constitution –
– election on the basis of majority
– Rule of law responsible to the executive and legislature
– ministerial system
– Provision of single or single citizenship
From the US Constitution-
– idea of the preamble of the constitution
List of Fundamental Rights
– judicial review
– independence of the judiciary
– The process of impeachment of the President
– Procedure for removal of Supreme and High Judges
From the Canadian Constitution
– Semi-federal form of government
from the constitution of Russia
– Fundamental Duty
From the Constitution of Germany –
– emergency provisions
From the Constitution of South Africa-
– The process of election of the members of Rajya Sabha
– Constitution amendment process
From the Constitution of Australia-
Provision for Concurrent List and Parliament session was taken
How much time and cost did it take to make the constitution
Our constitution was prepared in 2 years 11 months and 18 days and on April 17, 1952, the first elected Parliament of India was formed and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was appointed as the first President of India, along with an expenditure of 64 lakh rupees was spent in making the constitution.
soul of constitution
In the original constitution, a preamble, which we also call the Preamble, in which there were 8 schedules, 22 parts, 395 articles.
Presently the number of schedules has been increased from 8 to 12.
The Preamble is considered to be the main, it has been described as the soul of the Constitution.
Our country is a democratic republic, where we all play an important role in the governance of the country, it is believed that in making the constitution of India, we have tried very thoughtfully to make a beautiful constitution by taking the best things from the constitution of different countries.
But as long as we do not consider the constitution and politics as sacred things with our soul, unless the policy in “Raj” + “policy” will be considered as moral religion, then no matter how good a constitution is, it will prove to be bad.
In this subject, Dr. Ambedkar had said that no matter how good the constitution may be, but if the people who implement it are not good, then the constitution will definitely be bad, so any constitution can be made great only when we are pure. He will follow his rules as religion and morality.
so friends we I have tried my best to tell you about the Indian Constitution in detail. Where you have been told with complete information about what is the Indian Constitution and what is meant by the Indian Constitution.
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